March 30, 2011

【不列顛文件】推薦文:吳光庭

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在近代史上,英國透過殖民擴張進而對亞洲現代化產生巨大的影響......

在近代史上,英國透過殖民擴張進而對亞洲現代化產生巨大的影響,中國在十九世紀中期以後強烈且實質感受到「大不列顛」帝國的巨大陰影,而孫中山的革命思想及行動亦與其在英倫潛研考察有莫大關係,香港殖民租借99年亦源於此時,大眾所熟悉的文學家徐志摩,其人生中的精華部份亦在英國完成,…. 凡此種種事例甚多,而英國對過去中國社會的巨大影響亦随著當前「全球化」的趨勢來臨而有了一些本質上的改變,對台灣而言,這種改變卻是有利於現代性社會肌裡尤其在文化及都市發展領域的形成,更見其影響。

從全球的歷史洆構而言,英國在十九世紀至二十世紀的二戰前都算得上是現代化的先驅,文治武功樣樣了得,但我認為其中最值得深入理解的便是其於國力鼎盛時期所開始建構對日常實質生活品質在文明程度上的提昇。我個人因習建築之故,曾經兩次造訪倫敦,我對這座城市開始有興趣起因於在大學及其後唸研究所時期對建築史及都市發展史研讀的心得,尤其興建完成於倫敦海德公園內的全球第一次世界博覽會的會館--「水晶宮」(Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton,1851) ,在近代建築史上形成「現代」與「古典」建築定義的分水嶺,形成往後建築論述的「革命」及十九世紀末英國社會改造運動者John Ruskin及建築師William Morris結合了社曾改造的觀點所發起的「另類革命」--「美術工藝運動」;另外,英國社會學家霍華德於二十世紀初因百年來工業革命的負面發展形成都市反省的主張--「花園城市」(Garden City) ,都成為對當下人類社曾形成廣氾影響的重要主張,也是形成「公民社會」的基礎之一。雖然英國早己遠離以武力殖民的背景,但如今的英國,受惠於過去帝國主義之影響,多樣、建置精良的開放(免費) 博物舘系統,成熟的專業組成的社會自律/治體制如英國皇家建築學會(RIBA),當代文化藝術上的創意如設計、時裝、流行音樂及電影.. 等, 強而有力的公民社會體制, 都是「後殖民」概念中的重要環節。

很高興能看到中原大學建築系謝統勝教授及李蕙蓁小姐於英國求學過程中附帶產物--〈不列顛文件〉一書的出版,書中對於上述背景的地點、空間及內涵多有深入描述,尤其以「藝術」為切入點更能突顯英國的新形象,可讀性及知識性甚高。值此新書出版之際,特為之推薦。

吳光庭
台北市立美術館館長
2010/12/15

由 arp03th 發表於 March 30, 2011 03:28 PM
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